Industry of Osaka

Concentration of Diverse Industries and a Huge Market

The Kansai region includes the unique cities of Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto and is a massive market with a population of 24.86 million people and a GDP of approximately 96,319 trillion yen. It equals the metropolitan area centered on Tokyo as a site for business and plays the central role in the economy of Western Japan.

Osaka Prefecture is the geographical and economic center of the Kansai region. It has a population of around 8.84 million people and the total production within the prefecture reaches around 39.1069 trillion yen. There are approximately 410,000 places of business in Osaka prefecture and approximately 190,000 within Osaka City. There are 419 stock exchange listed companies that have their headquarters in Osaka Prefecture.

Osaka provides an ideal location for international companies seeking to invest with experienced local partners. It is home to a range of skilled manufacturers in the electronics, pharmaceutical, machinery, device, chemical, food, and construction industries. Also well represented are members of the distribution industry — including major trading houses, specialized trading companies and department stores — as well as finance and other service industries. Rounding out this diverse economy are high-tech industries such as biotechnology, new materials, and information & communications. Unique businesses in the sports industry and game content sectors also add variety to the economy. In addition, the city has companies ranging from big enterprises that are globally famous to many small and medium-sized enterprises that have their own unique technologies and take a large share of the global market for their specific fields.

The Kansai region, including Osaka, has a huge market which is equivalent to an advanced country and has a huge amount of business chances.

Note: "Kansai region"here includes the prefectures of Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, Nara, Wakayama, Shiga, Mie, Tokushima, Tottori and Fukui .
<Population> Population Census, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (FY2015)
<GDP> Cabinet Office, Prefectural Accounts (FY2014)
<Total production within Osaka Prefecture> Osaka Prefectural Accounts (Osaka Prefectural Goverment)
<Number of places of business> "Data of Osaka 2018"(Osaka Prefectural Government)

1. Industrial structure (Gross prefectural product classified by economic activity)

Industrial structure

Source: Prefectural Accounts, Osaka Prefecture (FY2015)

2. Exports/Imports

Osaka Tokyo Japan
Exports (Unit: billion yen)*1 16,609*2 17,740*3 78286
Imports (Unit: billion yen)*1 14,659*2 25,518*3 75379

*1 Osaka/Tokyo Customs (2017)
*2 Values given for imports and exports are for the Kinki (the Kansai) region.
*3 Values given for imports and exports are under Tokyo customs jurisdiction.

3. Kansai businesses operating around the world

Kansai is home to top global companies from the electric equipment, chemical, food, pharmaceutical, and finance industries. Of the 51Japanese companies on Fortune Magazine's 2017 list of top 500 companies by revenue, 7 companies are based in Osaka.

Headquarters Company Business
Osaka City ★Itochu Corp.
★Nippon Life Insurance
★Sumitomo Life Insurance
★Daiwa House
 Asahi Kasei
 Takeda Pharmaceutical
★Sumitomo Electric Industries
★Kansai Electric Power
Home Construction
Nonferrous Metals
Electric Equipment
Electric Equipment
Osaka Pref. ★Panasonic Electric Equipment
Kyoto Pref.  Nintendo
Home Leisure Equipment
Electric Equipment
Electric Equipment
Hyogo Pref.  Kobe Steel
 Procter and Gamble Japan
 Eli Lilly Japan
 Nestle Japan

★ signifies companies selected for the FORTUNE GLOBAL 500 list.(Source:FORTUNE GLOBAL 2017)

4. Economic data for Osaka

GDP - A comparison of the nominal GDP of Kansai and the major countries of the world

The total production in the Kansai region reaches 875.5 billion dollars (FY2014) and is therefore comparable to the economy of an entire developed country.

Comparison of GDP with major countries
GDP - A comparison of the nominal GDP of Kansai and the major countries of the world

Sources: Prefectural Accounts, Cabinet Office (FY2014) / World Statistics 2018, Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications / City Accounts, Osaka City (FY2016)
* The Kansai refers to the prefectures of Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, Nara, Wakayama, Shiga , Mie, Tokushima and Tottori.

Comparison of GDP within Japan
Comparison of GDP within Japan
Source: Prefectural Accounts, Cabinet Office (FY2014)

Population - Osaka Prefecture has a population of approximately 8.87 million people in approximately 4.19 million households.

This massive market increases the business opportunities.

Comparison of populations (upper lines) and numbers of households (lower lines)
Comparison of GDP within Japan

Source: Junuary 2016 Report by Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications on the population, population movement and number of households based on the basic resident registers

Trade - Osaka can make full use of the Hanshin Port, which boasts one of the greatest volumes of container handling in Japan.

The container handling capacity of the Hanshin Port is at the top level among the major ports of Japan, both for domestic and foreign trade, and it has excellent harbor functions.

Comparison of container handling volumes (Upper lines: foreign trade containers, Lower lines: domestic trade containers)
Comparison of container handling volumes
Source: 2016 “Port Survey,” Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
Note: The Hanshin Port value is the total value for Osaka Port, Kobe Port, Amagasaki-Nishinomiya-Ashiya Port and Sakai Senboku Port.
Kansai International Airport - Exporting high added value pharmaceutical products

Kansai International Airport has the second largest volume of pharmaceutical product exports in Japan and exceeds the major Japanese airports in terms of unit price. It is therefore possible to say that Kansai is also a site for the manufacturing and development of pharmaceutical products which have high added value.

Comparison of volume of exports and unit prices for pharmaceutical products (Upper lines: Volume of pharmaceutical product exports, Lower lines: Unit price of pharmaceutical product exports)
Comparison of volume of exports and unit prices for pharmaceutical products

Source: 2011 “Trade Statistics of Japan,” Ministry of Finance

Pamphlets introducing Osaka

Why Osaka? What’s O-BIC?

Related links

Research results from Osaka Research Center for Industry and Economy (Japanese Only)